Gum Disease & Gum Care: Information, Prevention & Care

Gum disease can threaten your oral health and cause other problems. Our London dentists explain how to prevent periodontitis and improve gum health.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum (periodontal) disease is caused by plaque – bacteria that build up on your teeth and create toxins. These toxins affect the gum tissue and bones surrounding the teeth.

Gum disease can have serious repercussions even though it may start out painless and progress gradually. Due to the interconnections between gum health and many other aspects of oral and physical health, losing your teeth is not the only possibility; this infection also increases your risk of developing heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. We must stop it before it reaches the more serious stages because of this.

Types of Gum Disease

The two types of gum disease include:


Gingivitis is an early-stage gum disease. At this point, gums may become sensitive, red, and swollen, and you may spot blood in your toothbrush or when you floss.


The more serious type of gum disease is periodontitis. At this point, bacteria begin to fill the spaces between your gums and teeth as your gums start to recede. Jaw bone loss that is mild to moderate can also occur.

Advanced Periodontitis

Teeth lose support as your gums, bone, and periodontal ligament break down. Moderate to severe bone loss in your jaw may occur, and your teeth can become loose or fall out.

How to Maintain & Improve Gum Health

Though gum disease has scary outcomes, most cases are preventable with good oral hygiene and regular checkups. Here’s what you can do at home and how your dentist can help:

At Home

    • Brush at least twice daily
    • Floss once per day
    • Rinse thoroughly with an alcohol-free anti-gingivitis mouthwash
    • See your dentist regularly and let them know about any changes, gum sensitivity or soreness

What Your Dentist Can Do for Your Gums

Your dentist provides professional cleanings and tracks your oral health so any problems can be spotted early.

They'll enquire about your regular oral care routine, whether you've noticed any changes or sensitivity in your gums, and whether you have any questions about oral hygiene and care.

Treatments for Gum Disease

There are a variety of options to help you maintain healthy gums, and prevent and treat gum disease:

Preventive Hygiene

To treat early-stage gum disease, we recommend frequent hygiene appointments, deep cleanings and specialized home care routines.

Gum Grafts

This surgical procedure thickens gums, protects against the damaging effects of gum recession and can help improve the appearance of your smile.

Pinhole Gum Rejuvenation Surgery

Gum recession can be treated without the use of a scalpel or sutures using the Chao Pinhole® Surgical Technique. The patient's existing gum tissue is punctured with a needle by the dentist, who then uses specialized tools to gently loosen the gum tissue. To hide the exposed root structure, the gumline is gently moved.

Teeth & Gum Contouring

The overall aesthetics of your smile can be enhanced with these cosmetic procedures. While excess gum tissue is removed to contour or lift gums, teeth contouring involves using a dental drill to shave away extra tooth material and reshape chipped, uneven, or poorly aligned teeth.

Are your gums sore or swollen? Contact our London dentists to schedule an appointment with us today.

New Patients Always Welcome

Looking for a dentist in London? We're happily accepting new patients at our dental clinic! Contact us to get started today.

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